You may think that choosing a couch is easy. In reality, you will be overwhelmed by the abundance of options in terms of design and materials. Before setting off on your shopping tour, familiarize yourself with the jargon. One of the elements in the frame, which may be either metal or wooden. 

This part of the couch basically determines its lifespan. It is no less important than upholstery. After all, even the highest-quality leather will not save your item from falling apart if the supporting frame is bad. 


Generally, wood is the most popular material. Here are the most common frame types for couches.

Particle Board

The worst choice, as such frames are the weakest. The cheapest price tag reflects the lowest reliability. Such parts are light but fragile, and they are made of composite wood materials.

Hard Wood

Unsurprisingly, solid wood is a far better option. Whether it is oak, cherry, walnut, or beech, its durability is incomparably better. The higher the grade of the timber, the fewer knots it has and the stronger it is. 

Soft Wood

The less pricey couches are produced with pine or spruce frames. Steer clear of these materials if you need a sturdy piece of furniture. Both types of wood are relatively soft, and will, therefore, crack under pressure. Look for maple, oak, and other reliable hardwood instead.

Besides, parts of the most affordable wood will often be connected using staples or nails. This does not provide durable bonding. As a result, the structure is likely to crack. 

Kiln Dried Hardwood

This option is one step above simple hardwood. The term stands for wood dried in large high-temperature ovens that are also used for pottery curing. This is done to enhance strength and durability through the complete removal of moisture. 

Without drying, wood maintains moisture inside its grains. With time, it evaporates, causing deformation and reducing strength. After drying, warping or snapping are very unlikely. 


Although it is the hardest material, it does bend over time. Snapping is, however, impossible. 

Naturally, metal is the sturdiest choice, but it comes with high costs for manufacturers and higher prices for customers. If you expect your couch to withstand continuous strong pressure, paying extra makes sense. 

In case of cheaper wooden frames, pay close attention to the way your couch is constructed. Are there blocks in the corners? These decrease the twisting of the parts. Do you see reinforcement along the rails (long wooden pieces making up the front back and sides)? This provides protection from cracking. 

Another telling sign is the length of the warranty. This hints at how much faith the manufacturer puts in their products. Remember, however, that frame damage due to a defect or weakness in the timber usually occurs in the initial period of use.

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